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Exterior Paths of Travel

man sitting on bench

Exterior paths of travel are sidewalks and walkways that help us get to our intended destination, that’s why accessibility considerations are important.

The standard includes certain technical requirements when organizations except small organizations build new or make planned significant alterations to existing exterior paths of travel.

The standard does not apply to paths of travel that are regulated by Ontario’s Building Code (e.g., a path of travel from a parking lot with accessible parking spaces to an accessible building entrance).

Select each heading for some examples of the technical requirements for exterior paths of travel:

Sidewalks or walkways

Requirements for minimum width to support the passage of mobility aids, minimum height clearance to remove barriers for people with vision loss, and maximum steepness of slopes


Requirements for minimum width, maximum steepness of slopes, size of landings, and handrails

Stairs that connect to an exterior path of travel

Requirements for step size, high tonal contrast markings for edge of steps, and tactile walking surface indicators at the top of each flight to indicate change of level for people with vision loss

Pedestrian curb ramps (or curb cuts)

Requirements to align with direction of travel, minimum width and maximum steepness of slope for people with mobility aids, and tactile walking surface indicators at the bottom of curb ramps to warn people with vision loss that they are approaching a roadway

Accessible pedestrian signals

Requirements identify essential features for people with vision loss and those who are deaf-blind, such as a locator tone for a signal box that is distinct from a walk indicator tone, tactile arrows that align with direction of crossing, and both audible and vibro-tactile walk indicators

Rest areas

Requirements to consult with the public and people with disabilities on the placement and design of rest areas when building new or making planned significant alterations to an existing sidewalk or walkway; municipalities must also consult with their accessibility advisory committee, if one has been established

Pedestrian crossing signal push button devices that vibrate and can be felt through the sense of touch to communicate pedestrian crossing timing in a non-visual way.
Refers to a private or not-for-profit organization that provides goods, services or facilities to the public or to other organizations and has one to 49 employees in Ontario. It does not include the Government of Ontario, Legislative Assembly, or designated public sector organizations.